COURSE CREDIT SYSTEM

Although the NCE, as a qualification, is common to all the graduates of the programme, each subject has its own unique features and, demands. These unique features and demands are properly articulated in the introductory pages to each subject in the relevant booklets and requirements that are common to air the subjects are set out hereunder

INTRODUCTION

The educational revolution generated by the National Policy on Education (as amended 2004) and the consequent 1-6-3-3-4 structure, Nigeria has no choice but to embrace the course credit system and Grade Point Average Phenomenon. The National Policy on Education (2004), especially stipulates that:
A credit system which is transferable among Universities and the institutions of higher learning on a reciprocal basis will be initiated. This is to enable a student who may be compelled to change his residence before completing his course to finish it in another institution. The insistence by the Government on excellence in education led to the establishment of the National Universities Commission (NUC), the National Board for Technical Education (NBTE) and the National Commission for Colleges of Education (NCCE). These three bodies ministering the academic needs at their various levels, have agreed that the issue of Minimum Standards cannot be compromised.
On its own part the Commission is geared towards ensuring that teachers earning the Nigeria Certificate in Education (NCE) are professionally and intellectually qualified for the task of servicing the 1-6-3 Basic Educational system, they shall be employed. Acceptable Minimum Standards guarantee the acceptability of certificates earned from similar institutions. Also acceptable levels of proficience on the job will be expected of certified holders of the NCE Certificate.

2.   DEFINITION OF COURSE CREDIT SYSTEM
The course credit system is a quantitative system of organizing the curriculum in which subject areas are broken into units which are examinable and for which students earn credit(s) if passed. The courses are arranged in a progressive order or in levels of academic progress, e.g. level 1 or year 1 courses are 100 and level II or year 2 courses are 200 series, etc.

ADVANTAGES OF COURSE CREDIT SYSTEM

The adoption of the course credit system for all Colleges of Education and other NCE awarding institutions has the following merits; it

  • allows students within limits to move at their own pace;
  • allows a thematic structuring of the programmes of study; i.e. ability to break courses into convenient and manageable modules;
  • allows inter-departmental and inter-disciplinary collaboration in curriculum processes (curriculum planning, development, implementation evaluation) and minimizes duplication of courses;
  • permits a diagnostic approach to a student’s learning as well as a continuous examination of students in each subject area;
  • provides students with greater flexibility in taking elective courses from outside their area of specialization, thereby broaden their educational horizon;
  • facilitates inter-institution transfers, thus enhancing student mobility;
  • enhances comparability, national standard and national unity.
CREDIT UNIT

Courses are assigned weights called credit units. Credit units consist of specified number of student-teacher contact hours per week per semester. Credit units are used in two complementary ways; as a measure of course weighting and as an indicator of student work load.

  • As a measure of course weighting, a course may earn 1 credits units, or 2 unit, or 3 credits unit, etc. I credit means 2 hour lecture plus 1 hour of tutorial, 2 credit units mean 3 hour lectures plus 1 hour tutorial, 3 credits units mean 4 hour lecture plus 1 hour tutorial per week for 15 weeks of the semester.
  • For another forms of teaching requiring student-teacher contact, the following equivalents may apply:
    a)   two hours of seminar
    b)   Three hours of laboratory work, field work, studio work, practicum, stadium supporting activity etc. in addition to lecture hour
  • Teaching Practice: Eighteen weeks of teaching to earn 6 credits.
  • Students’ Industrial Work Experience Scheme (SIWES): Sixteen weeks of student attachment to earn two credits.
  • Acculturation/Language Immersion Programmes for minimum of twelve (12) weeks to earn two credits
STAFF/STUDENT WORK LOAD
  • Every full-time student is required to register for a minimum of 18 and a maximum of 24 credit units per semester except for students on field experience, teaching practice or industrial attachment
  • A full-time staff should have a minimum teaching load of 8 credit units per semester.
    (a)   For Science-based disciplines, this should mean a minimum of 9 lecture hours and two 3 — hours laboratory work per week.
    (b)   For Art-Based disciplines, this should mean a minimum of 9 lecture hours and two 3-hours tutorial work per week
    (c)   For certain service courses, the size may be very large, and therefore, proportionate contact hours should be used.
GRADE POINT AVERAGE (GPA)
  • The Commission is adopting the grading system using both letter (A-F) and figure (0-5) grades. It is more consistent with the degree classification in use in Nigeria, and has therefore been adopted by Pan African Colleges of Education, Offa, Nigeria. Thus, our grading system for the NCE is similar to what is in use in the Universities.
  • The percentage score, letter grade, Grade Point Average (GPA), and Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA), and the status of pass are:
    A minimum pass mark of 40% (equivalent to Grade Point of 1) has been adopted by Pan Africoed. Also a minimum GPA of 1.00 is required for graduation.
DEFINITIONS OF GRADE POINT, GRADE POINT AVERAGE AND CUMULATIVE GRADE POINT AVERAGE:

i)   Grade Point: The grade point derives from the actual percentage raw score for a given course: the raw score is converted into a letter grade and a grade point. See table 1:

Credit Unit Percentage Score Letter Grade Grade Point Average Grade cummulative Level Of Pass Point in subject
  70 - 100 A 5    
  60 - 69 B 4    
  50 - 59 C 3    
  45 - 49 D 2    
  40 - 44 E 1    
  0 - 39 F 0    
           

ii)   Grade Point Average (GPA): This is the average of weighted grade points earned in the courses taken during the semester. The Grade Points average is obtained by multiplying the Grade Point attained in each course by the number of credit units assigned to that course, and then summing these and divided by the total number of credit units taken for the semester.

iii)   Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA): This is the up-to-date mean of the Grade Points earned by the student in a programme of study. It is an indication of the student’s overall performance at any point in the training programme.
CGPA = Sum of Total Grade Points X Respective Credit units for Semester / Total Credits for all courses registered by the Student