Although the NCE, as a qualification, is common to all the graduates of the programme, each subject has its own unique features and, demands. These unique features and demands are properly articulated in the introductory pages to each subject in the relevant booklets and requirements that are common to air the subjects are set out hereunderINTRODUCTION
The educational revolution generated by the National Policy on Education (as amended 2004) and the consequent 1-6-3-3-4 structure, Nigeria has no choice but to embrace the course credit system and Grade Point Average Phenomenon. The National Policy on Education (2004), especially stipulates that:
A credit system which is transferable among Universities and the institutions of higher learning on a reciprocal basis will be initiated. This is to enable a student who may be compelled to change his residence before completing his course to finish it in another institution. The insistence by the Government on excellence in education led to the establishment of the National Universities Commission (NUC), the National Board for Technical Education (NBTE) and the National Commission for Colleges of Education (NCCE). These three bodies ministering the academic needs at their various levels, have agreed that the issue of Minimum Standards cannot be compromised.
On its own part the Commission is geared towards ensuring that teachers earning the Nigeria Certificate in Education (NCE) are professionally and intellectually qualified for the task of servicing the 1-6-3 Basic Educational system, they shall be employed. Acceptable Minimum Standards guarantee the acceptability of certificates earned from similar institutions. Also acceptable levels of proficience on the job will be expected of certified holders of the NCE Certificate.
2. DEFINITION OF COURSE CREDIT SYSTEM
The course credit system is a quantitative system of organizing the curriculum in which subject areas are broken into units which are examinable and for which students earn credit(s) if passed. The courses are arranged in a progressive order or in levels of academic progress, e.g. level 1 or year 1 courses are 100 and level II or year 2 courses are 200 series, etc.
The adoption of the course credit system for all Colleges of Education and other NCE awarding institutions has the following merits; it
Courses are assigned weights called credit units. Credit units consist of specified number of student-teacher contact hours per week per semester. Credit units are used in two complementary ways; as a measure of course weighting and as an indicator of student work load.
i) Grade Point: The grade point derives from the actual percentage raw score for a given course: the raw score is converted into a letter grade and a grade point. See table 1:
|Credit Unit||Percentage Score||Letter Grade||Grade Point Average||Grade cummulative Level Of Pass||Point in subject|
|70 - 100||A||5|
|60 - 69||B||4|
|50 - 59||C||3|
|45 - 49||D||2|
|40 - 44||E||1|
|0 - 39||F||0|
ii) Grade Point Average (GPA): This is the average of weighted grade points earned in the courses taken during the semester. The Grade Points average is obtained by multiplying the Grade Point attained in each course by the number of credit units assigned to that course, and then summing these and divided by the total number of credit units taken for the semester.
iii) Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA): This is the up-to-date mean of the Grade Points earned by the student in a programme of study. It is an indication of the student’s overall performance at any point in the training programme.
CGPA = Sum of Total Grade Points X Respective Credit units for Semester / Total Credits for all courses registered by the Student